Decorate your garden with orange and yellow wild flowers
The Iris family contains the Blackberry Lily or Gemmingia Ciminensis. It flowers from June to July. It grows well on hills and roadsides. It is found all over from Connecticut to Georgia and in Missouri and Indiana in the west. It is known as Pardanthus Chinensis of Gray. “Pardos” means leopard and “anthos” means flower, hence it is also known as the Leopard flower. It produces deep orange colored flowers which are freckled with crimson in an irregular fashion. This leafy plant can be up to four feet in length. The leaves are folded and erect. They can grow up to ten inches. The plant also produces a fruit which is similar to blackberry. That’s the reason that’s it is called the blackberry lily.
This beautiful lily originated from China. It was reported as wild flower first of all at East Rock, Connecticut. They were also seen on Long Island which is near Suffern, New York. Their range was also noticed in the far west and south.
Yellow Moccasin Flower or the Large Yellow Lady’s Slipper blooms from May to July. It grows well in thickets, on hilly grounds and in boggy, moist woods. It is also known as Whippoorwill’s Shoe. It is found all over from Alabama in the west to Nebraska and Minnesota. It produces a single, large purple-yellow colored flower. The flower has white hairs on its inner side. The leaves have parallel nerves and they can be up to five inches in length. This plant belongs to the Orchid family. Scientifically it’s known as Cypripedium hirsutum.
These stunning orchids attract insects especially the small bees for which its mechanism and adornment are so wonderfully adapted. The intense oily odor attracts the bees further. They are attracted to this orchid because of its attractive form from top to bottom. There is a circular yellow colored inflated pouch on which purplish lines converge. This pouch leads the insects into the labellum. The labellum contains fine hairs which secrete small drops of fluid. This fluid hardens into a fragile crust once the secretion dries up. These flowers can adapt themselves easily to shady and well drained spot in the garden. They should be picked up immediately after they flower with abundance of leaf mould and a good ball of earth.
Small Yellow Lady’s Slipper or Cypripedium parviflorum is found in the State of Washington. They are almost similar to the large yellow lady’s slipper. This fragrant orchid is almost half the size of its elder sister. Its sepals and petals can be purple in color. It also has a yellow pouch. These orchids are sweeter and fairer than their big sister.
Habenaria ciliaris or the Yellow Fringed Orchis blooms from July to August. It grows well in sandy bogs and moist meadows. It is found all over from Ontario to Texas and Vermont to Florida. It produces orange or yellow colored flowers that are exhibited in a closely set oblong spike. The spike can be three to six inches in length. Each flower’s lip is profusely fringed. Pale yellow hybrid flowers are found between white and yellow fringed orchis. This leafy plant can be up to two and a half feet in length. The leaves are clasped and lance shaped.
The yellow fringed orchis blooms later than the white fringed orchis when they grow together in the swamp. Both the plants have many similarities like both have the same kind of method to enforce payment for a nip of nectar. The nectar is hidden in a narrow and deep tube so that only a butterfly or a sphinx moth can drain it. The bumblebees can also drain some of the nectar occasionally.
The yellow and white flowers are noticeable even in the dark. The sphinx moths are attracted to them when they begin their rounds at dusk. Fragrant flowers can attract the insects even further. These moths suck the nectar as they hover over a tube. Their wings move quickly and they are often mistaken as hummingbirds. The orchid also attracts a number of butterflies but they show fondness for the white orchis.
Small Pale Green Orchis or the Tubercled flowers in moist places. Scientifically it’s known as H. flava. It produces yellow green colored flowers. They need water to manufacture enough nectar to fill their deep spurs.
Fringed green orchis or the Ragged blooms from June to July. It grows well in wet woodland and swamps. It often grows in the same swamp with the tubercled flowers but is not noticeable. It produces greenish yellow flowers that are set in a showy spike. The flower’s three parted lip is cut into a thread-like fringe to hail the passing butterfly. These flowers produce abundant nectar and hence it becomes very easy for the butterflies and bumblebees to locate them.